Chapter 17.435


17.435.010    Off-street parking requirements.

17.435.020    General provisions.

17.435.030    Number of spaces required.

17.435.040    Off-street parking lot design.

17.435.050    Off-street loading.

17.435.060    Handicapped parking.

17.435.010 Off-street parking requirements.

The following requirements shall be used as guidelines and may be increased or decreased by the department depending on the specific need or use, while taking into consideration trip demand reduction programs and the availability of public transit. Off-street parking spaces shall be provided and maintained as set forth in this section for all uses in all zones. Any fractional parking space shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number. Such off-street parking spaces shall be provided at the time:

A.    A building is hereafter erected or enlarged;

B.    The use of a building existing on the effective date of this title is changed and/or the building enlarged, parking spaces shall be provided in proportion to the increase only, provided the increase is less than fifty percent. If the increase exceeds fifty percent, parking shall be provided for the entire structure in accordance with the requirements of this section.

(Ord. 415 (2008) § 206, 2008: Ord. 216 (1998) § 4 (part), 1998)

17.435.020 General provisions.

A.    More Than One Use on One or More Parcels. In the event several uses occupy a single structure or parcel of land, the total requirements for off-street parking shall be the sum of the requirements of the several uses computed separately. If the director finds that a portion of the floor area, not less than a contiguous one hundred square feet in a retail store will be used exclusively for storage of merchandise which is not being displayed for sale, he may deduct such space in computing parking requirements, but the owners shall not thereafter use the space for any other purpose without furnishing additional off-street parking as required by Section 17.435.030.

B.    Joint Use of Facilities. The off-street parking requirements of two or more uses, structures, or parcels of land may be satisfied by the same parking or loading space used jointly, if approved by the director, to the extent that it can be shown by the owners or operators of the uses, structures, or parcels that their operations and parking needs do not overlap in point of time. If the uses, structures, or parcels are under separate ownership, the right to joint use of the parking space must be evidenced by a deed, lease, contract, or other appropriate written document to establish the joint use.

C.    Location of Parking Facilities. Off-street parking spaces for dwellings shall be located on the same lot with the dwelling. Other required parking spaces shall be located on the same parcel or on another parcel not farther than three hundred feet from the building or use they are intended to serve, measured in a straight line from the building. The burden of proving the existence of such off-premises parking arrangements rests upon the person who has the responsibility of providing parking.

D.    Use of Parking Facilities. Required parking space shall be available for the parking of operable passenger automobiles of residents, customers, patrons, and employees only, and shall not be used for the storage of vehicles or materials, or for the parking of trucks used in conducting the business or use.

E.    Parking in Required Front, Side, Rear Yards or Setbacks. Unless otherwise provided, required parking and loading spaces shall not be located in a required yard or setback, except for development of single-family dwellings or duplexes.

F.    Development and Maintenance Standards for Off-Street Parking Areas. Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private parking area, including commercial parking lots, shall be developed as follows:

1.    An off-street parking area for more than five vehicles shall be effectively screened by a sight-obscuring fence, hedge, or planting, on each side which adjoins property situated in an urban low residential (UL) zone, or the premises of any school or like institution;

2.    Any lighting used to illuminate the off-street parking areas that exceeds one foot candle at the property line shall be so arranged that it will not project light rays directly upon any adjoining property in any zone;

3.    Except for single-family and duplex dwellings, groups of more than two parking spaces shall be so located and served by a driveway that their use will require no backing movements or other maneuvering within a street or right-of-way other than an alley;

4.    Areas used for standing and maneuvering of vehicles shall have durable and dustless surfaces maintained adequately for all weather use, and so drained as to avoid flow of water across sidewalks;

5.    Except for parking to serve residential uses, parking and loading areas adjacent to or within residential zones or adjacent to residential uses shall be designed to minimize disturbance of residents;

6.    Access aisles shall be of sufficient width for all vehicular turning and maneuvering;

7.    Service drives to off-street parking areas shall be designed and constructed to facilitate the flow of traffic, to provide maximum safety of traffic ingress and egress, and to provide maximum safety of pedestrians and vehicular traffic on the site. The number of service drives shall be limited to the minimum that will allow the property to accommodate and service the traffic to be anticipated. Service drives shall be clearly and permanently marked and defined through the use of rails, fences, walls, or other barriers or markers on frontage not occupied by service drives. Service drives to drive-in establishments shall be designed to avoid backing movements or other maneuvering within a street, other than an alley;

8.    Service drives shall have a minimum vision clearance area formed by the intersection of the driveway centerline, the street right-of-way line, and a straight line joining said lines through points twenty feet from their intersection;

9.    Parking spaces along the outer boundaries of a parking area shall be contained by a curb or bumper rail so placed to prevent a motor vehicle from extending over an adjacent property line, pedestrian walkway, or a street; and

10.    When the parking standards require ten or more parking spaces, up to twenty-five percent of these may be compact car spaces, as identified in Section 17.435.040.

(Ord. 415 (2008) § 207, 2008: Ord. 216 (1998) § 4 (part), 1998)

17.435.030 Number of spaces required.

Off-street parking spaces shall be provided as follows:

Land Use

Minimum Parking Spaces Required


Single-Family (attached or detached)

2 per unit + 0.5 per unit on street or set aside;
1 additional space for accessory dwelling units or accessory living quarters.

Garages are not calculated towards this requirement.

Multi-Family (Condos/Townhouses/Apartments)

1.5 per unit + 0.5 per unit on street or set aside

Senior Housing

0.5 per unit; 1 per duty employee


Bed and Breakfast

1 per sleeping unit

Motels and Hotels

1 per bedroom; and spaces to meet the combined requirements of the uses being conducted such as hotel, restaurants, auditoriums, etc.


Spaces to meet the combined requirements of the uses being conducted such as hotel, restaurants, auditoriums, etc.

Hospitals and Institutions

1 per bed; 1 per 2 employees; 1 per 2 guests

Places of Worship

1 per 4 seats or 8 feet of bench length in the main auditorium

Library and Gallery

1 per 250 gross square feet


1 per 3 children

Elementary/Middle or Junior High School

1 per employee; 2 per classroom

High School

1 per employee and teacher; 1 per 10 students

Colleges, Technical School

1 per 3 seats in classroom; 1 per employee and teacher

Stadium, Arena, Theater

1 per 4 seats or 8 feet of bench length in the main auditorium

Bowling Alley

6 per alley

Dance Hall, Skating Rink

1 per 20 gross square feet

Self Storage

1 per 3,000 gross square feet

Espresso Stands

1 employee parking space per 75 square feet



If under 5,000 square feet of gross floor area – 1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area;
If 5,000 or more square feet of gross floor area – 20 plus 1 per each additional 200 square feet of gross floor

Retail stores generating relatively little automobile traffic (e.g., appliance, furniture, hardware and repair stores)

1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area

Retail and personal service establishments generating heavy automobile traffic (e.g., department, drug, and auto parts stores, supermarkets, ice cream parlors, bakeries and beauty and barber shops)

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Drive-In and Fast Food Restaurants

1 per 80 square feet of gross floor area

Professional Office

1 per 300 square feet of gross floor area

Shops and stores for sales, service or repair of automobile, machinery and plumbing, heating, electrical and building supplies

1 per 600 square feet of gross floor area

Mortuaries, Funeral Homes, Crematories

1 per 75 square feet of assembly area

Medical and Dental Office or Clinic

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Medical and Dental Office or Clinic

1 per 200 square feet of gross floor area

Bank, Financial Institutions

1 per 400 square feet of gross floor area


Marinas and Moorage Facilities

1 per 4 moorage slips

Warehouse, Storage, and Wholesale Facilities

1 per 2 employees; 1 per company vehicle parked on site at night (if applicable); 1 per 300 square feet of office space

Manufacturing, Research, Testing, Processing and Assembly Facilities

1 per 1,000 square feet


1 per 800 square feet of gross floor area

A.    Relaxation of Required Spaces.

1.    The director may authorize a variance to the amount of required off-street parking if a project proponent demonstrates that, due to the unusual nature of the proposed use, it is reasonable that the off-street parking required by this section exceeds any likely need.

B.    Other Uses.

1.    Other uses not specifically listed above shall furnish parking as required by the director. The director shall use the above list as a guide for determining requirements for said other uses.

2.    Storage of junk motor vehicles is subject to the provisions of Section 17.455.090(I).

(Ord. 419 (2008) § 13, 2008; Ord. 415 (2008) § 208, 2008: Ord. 367 (2006) § 115, 2006: Ord. 292 (2002) § 10, 2002: Ord. 216 (1998) § 4 (part), 1998)

17.435.040 Off-street parking lot design.

Parking spaces shall be a minimum of nine feet in width and twenty feet in length, provided, there shall be six feet between parallel parking spaces for maneuvering and, provided further, where ten or more spaces are required twenty-five percent may be eight feet in width and eighteen feet in length if designated for compact cars.

(Ord. 216 (1998) § 4 (part), 1998)

17.435.050 Off-street loading.

A.    When Required. Off-street loading and unloading spaces are required for all commercial and multi-family uses having a gross floor area of over four thousand square feet to which or from which deliveries or pickups are made by trucks or truck-trailer combinations over thirty-five feet in length more frequently than monthly.

B.    Design Requirements. Loading and unloading spaces shall be minimum forty-five feet in length, ten feet in width and provide for clearance of fifteen feet. Adequate access shall be provided to each space. No area required for off-street parking may be used as a loading or unloading space.

C.    Number of Spaces Required. The following number of off-street loading and unloading spaces is required:

Gross Floor Area

Required Number of Spaces

4,000 – 9,999


10,000 – 24,999


25,000 – 99,999


100,000 – 200 000


Additional 50,000


(Ord. 415 (2008) § 209, 2008: Ord. 216 (1998) § 4 (part), 1998)

17.435.060 Handicapped parking.

Off-street parking and access for physically disabled persons shall be provided in accordance with the regulations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Title 14 of this code.

(Ord. 415 (2008) § 210, 2008)